AR-4: Extract Aggregates by Volatility

Extracts all aggregates from a bounded context by a given volatility, or likelihood for change (RARELY, NORMAL or OFTEN), and moves them to a separate context.

Context & Rationales

By decomposing a system into multiple bounded contexts we aim for loose coupling between the bounded context and a high cohesion within them. One approach of decomposing components is to isolate parts which are likely to change.

See also:

In the Context Mapper DSL you can specify how often an aggregate changes with the likelihoodForChange attribute. See our page aggregate documentation page for more details.


This Architectural Refactoring (AR) extracts all aggregates with a given volatility which is provided as input parameter (RARELY, NORMAL or OFTEN) and moves those aggregates into a new bounded context. Thereby you are able to isolate aggregates with a certain likelihood for change in one bounded context. This AR can be applied if your model exhibits a bounded context with aggregates which have different likelihoods for change.

Inverse AR’s:


  • The selected bounded context must contain at least two aggregates.
  • The aggregates of the selected bounded context must have different likelihoods for change.


  • One bounded context.


  • Another bounded context containing all the aggregates with the selected volatility.


The following example illustrates how this AR can be applied. The corresponding sources can be found in our examples repository.


The bounded context in this example contains one aggregate which changes OFTEN, whereas the other aggregates have a likelihood for change of NORMAL (default value). The AR is available on the bounded context:

Extract Aggregates by Volatility Example Input

Selection Dialog

After triggering this refactoring, a dialog pops up on which you can choose by which volatility value you want to extract:

Merge Bounded Contexts Example Dialog

Note that you can only select volatility values which at least occur once in your Bounded Context. The selection of a value which does not occur would not extract anything.


The resulting model contains a new bounded context with the aggregate which is likely to change (OFTEN):

Extract Aggregates by Volatility Example Output

Example Sources

  • You can find the CML sources for this AR example here.